Animal Law Fundamentals is a documentary-style series of video presentations and scholarly papers on the fundamentals of animal law by some of North America’s notable animal law scholars. These videos and scholarly papers will continue to roll out over the next six months. The goal of this series is to make the fundamentals of animal law readily accessible to the public from premier subject matter experts.
Animals as Property, Quasi-Property or Quasi-Person
It is often said that there are only two available legal categories for nonhuman animals, property or person. Faced with this stark choice, judges, legislators, and members of the public will likely place them in the property category. This presentation proposes an in between quasi-hood status – quasi-property/quasi-personhood – that can be used to downplay the property-like qualities of nonhuman animals and augment their personhood-like ones. This status can be used for a large number of nonhuman animals, both as individuals and at a species level, as a kind of sliding scale, as human understanding and views of nonhuman animals and what we owe them change over time.
Cutting Edge Issues in 21st Century Animal Food Product Labeling
The U.S. system of food labeling, including and particularly animal food labeling, can best be described as byzantine and diffuse, difficult for an expert to understand and navigate, let alone the public. This presentation first provides a guide through the dizzying maze of animal food labeling, including its history, types, problems, and levels. At the same time the presentation explores the underlying legal drivers of our labeling system to address the core questions of why we label, what we label, and how we label. The second half of the presentation then explores several 21st century “ripped from the headlines” labeling controversies to further explain these principles. The presentation concludes by underscoring the role of labeling as a social construct and in the future growth of animal law.
Laboratory Animal Law in the United States: Past, Present and Future
Laboratory animal law in the United States is non-traditional, interdisciplinary, occasionally counterintuitive – and controversial. This presentation examines the federal laws, regulations, policies and practice of laboratory animal law, describes how these pieces knit together as a system, explores short-comings and most importantly, looks to the future. Right now, laboratory animal law is a system that was put into place to solve a mid-20th century problem. To best serve the public’s needs, to realize the full potential of biomedical research and science, and to better protect the health of human and non-human animals, laboratory animal law must evolve and lawyers must ignite and manage that change. A necessary first step is to drive the transition away from animal models to emerging technologies such as organs-on-a-chip, computational toxicology and other techniques that do not use non-human animals.
Animal Law and Ethics
Animal Welfare Act
Farm Animal Law: State Action, Federal Limitations, and Constitutional Challenges
Farmed Animals - Transparency
Humane Methods of Slaughter Act
Standing (Article III)
Wildlife (Related Acts and State Management Issues)
The Brooks Institute is providing these presentation and paper resources as an informational and educational public service, but it is neither an endorsement nor statement of Brooks Institute policy. Reference to any specific product, service, organization, or person does not constitute a representation by or opinion of the Brooks Institute. The views and opinions expressed and information provided by the presenters/authors are their own and their presentation does not imply an endorsement by the Brooks Institute.