Maryland Senate Bill 381, cross filed with House Bill 52, would provide an additional legal mechanism for reducing wildlife trafficking and the exotic pet trade by prohibiting in-state sales of “covered animal species” and their parts––defined to include: cheetahs, chimpanzees, elephants, giraffes, gorillas, hippos, jaguars, leopards, lions, mammoths, mastodons, orangutans, pangolins, rhinos, sea turtles, and tigers. Several of the aforementioned species are listed as threatened or endangered under the federal Endangered Species Act, but the federal law only limits transactions across state lines. The Maryland bills would establish civil and criminal penalties including monetary fines, forfeiture, and restitution. If enacted, the Maryland bills would become effective October 1, 2022.