Oklahoma Bill Would Legalize Use of Tools and Tethers on Elephants

Oklahoma House Bill 3281, the “Endangered Ark Foundation Preservation Act,” would broadly exempt the use of “tools” and “tethers” (including bullhooks) on elephants from prosecution for animal cruelty. Endangered Ark Foundation engages in elephant breeding and training for Carson & Barnes Circus, which was shown on undercover video in 2017 striking elephants with bullhooks during circus training. If enacted, the bill would become effective November 1, 2022.