Kendra Coulter, “The Organization of Animal Protection Investigations and the Animal Harm Spectrum: Canadian Data, International Lessons” (2022) 11:1 Social Sciences, 22.

Abstract: This paper offers the first overview of the Canadian animal cruelty investigations landscape. First, the public and private sector organizations responsible for enforcement are explained, followed by examination of the implications of this patchwork for reporting suspected cruelty. Key statistical data are presented about the types of issues and cases and investigator responses. Initial recommendations are then proposed, and the value of the animal harm spectrum is discussed, including how it can be mobilized to strengthen the operations of animal protection work and animal welfare policy across nations.