UN Biodiversity Conference in Montreal Reaches Historic Agreement

The fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP15) to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity has drawn to a close after parties reached a historic agreement. The Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework was adopted early in the morning on December 19th. Its most ambitious target is known as “30 by 30,” a commitment to protecting at least thirty percent of the world’s land and water by the year 2030. The agreement recognizes the role of Indigenous leadership in reversing the rapidly accelerating loss of biodiversity on earth. While historic, the agreement does not include ways to bring nations to account if targets are not met.