This paper focuses on estate planning for non-human living creatures, particularly domestic or pet animals, that are considered property or things under the law while human clients view non-human animals as sentient beings, persons, or even family members. Estates that have interests in other non-human living creatures, such as farmed animals or laboratory animals, may also need special consideration in estate planning. The variety of laws concerning animals has been ever expanding, indicating developing thinking and recognizing the significance of these creatures is starting to blur from pure property, to non-property, to unique persons. 

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